"Turning a Blind Eye" BASIC LIST OF RESOURCES FOR FURTHER LEARNING:
Bennett, W. L. (2009). News: The politics of illusion. New York: Pearson Longman. Eighth edition of a hard hitting textbook on the media and its role and interplay in politics.
De Waal, A. & Article 19 (Organization). (1990). Starving in silence: A report on famine and censorship. London: Article 19. http://www.article19.org/resources.php/resource/3/en/starving-in-silence
Fein, H. (1992). Genocide watch. New Haven: Yale University Press. A very useful collection of essays related to detecting and deterring genocide.
Moeller, S. D. (1999). Compassion fatigue: How the media sell disease, famine, war, and death. New York: Routledge.
Paul, Richard, and Linda Elder. (2008; also 2004). The thinker's guide for conscientious citizens on how to detect media bias & propaganda in national and world news. Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.
http://www.umich.edu/~newsbias/index.html News bias explored: the art of reading the news. The sections on the” forms of news bias” and “what influences news bias” are particularly helpful toward analyzing the articles in this Unit of Study.
http://www.thenewsliteracyproject.org/ For relevant information, speakers, projects.
Famine in China
Becker, J. (1996). Hungry ghosts: Mao's secret famine. New York: The Free Press. One of the first and most comprehensive studies on this tragedy. Chapter 3 is devoted to the famine in Ukraine, and comparisons between the two are made throughout the book . Chapter 20 focuses on the strict censorship in China under Mao, and the West’s failure to respond to unsanctioned sources.
Selected Resources on the Ukraine Famine.
• RECOMMENDED FILMS for use in the classroom:
Genocide Revealed, directed by Yurij Luhovy. 2011. Gripping feature length English language documentary on the 1932-1933 Famine Genocide in Soviet Ukraine, utilizing the latest archival evidence, academic commentary and eyewitness accounts. Winner of 12 US and international awards, incl. Best historical film and Best documentary. Trailer/summary, with subtitles instead of voiceover: http://www.youtube.com/watchGR An educational version with 2 length of play options is due for release in 2012. To purchase full length DVD: http://www.yluhovy.com/MML/Movies.html
Harvest of despair : the 1932-33 man-made famine in Ukraine; directed by Slavko Nowytski; orig. released 1984. First feature length documentary on the topic. Powerful award-winner. DVD and VHS; also free online: http://video.google.com/videoplay
Soviet Story, directed by Edvins Snore. 2008. Begins with the 1932-33 Famine Genocide, as the film outlines Stalin’s murderous regime, its early complicity with the Nazis, and the impact of this legacy today. DVD & VHS. To purchase: http://www.sovietstory.com/ Some free access available online.
JOURNALISM AND THE HOLODOMOR:
Angels in Stalin’s Paradise; Western Reporters in Soviet Russia, 1917 to 1937, A Case study of Louis Fischer and Walter Duranty, by James William Crowl. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. 1982. Close analysis, especially valuable for its research on Louis Fischer, the very influential pro-Soviet writer for the Nation during the 30’s.
Stalin’s Apologist; Walter Duranty, The New York Times’s Man in Moscow, by S.J. Taylor. New York: Oxford University Press. 1990. Considered the definitive biography, this thoroughly researched, fascinating study details Duranty’s life among the other Western journalists sequestered in Moscow during the 30’s, his successful cover-up of Stalin’s terrors, and role in Franklin Roosevelt’s decision to establish diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.
The Moscow Correspondents; Reporting on Russia from the Revolution to Glasnost, by Whitman Bassow . New York: William Morrow. 1988. Chapter 4: “Concealing Stalin’s Famine” provides a particularly good descriptions of propaganda and censorship under Stalin, as well as describing the lives of the major journalists reporting out of Moscow during the early 1930’s.
Assignment in Utopia, by Eugene Lyons. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. 1937. Personal reflections on this reporter’s stint in Moscow, and the intellectual climate in the US during that time.
“A Tale of Truth and Two Journalists,” by Ian Hunter, from Report Magazine, March 27, 2000. http://faminegenocide.com/resources/2journalists.html Succinctly contrasts 2 reporters on the Famine: Malcolm Muggeridge from Great Britain and William Duranty from the U.S.: what they wrote and how those reports were received at the time.
www.garethjones.org and specifically: http://www.garethjones.org/soviet_articles/soviet_articles.htm
A fascinating website dedicated to the writings and correspondence of Gareth Jones, a Welsh reporter who wrote forthrightly about the Ukraine famine and other events of the day until his death under highly suspicious circumstances in Manchuria, not long after his reporting from the USSR.
CURRENT CURRICULUM GUIDES:
The Ukrainian Genocide/Holodomor, 1932-1933: A Curriculum And Resource Guide For Educators. http://internationalstudies.uchicago.edu/sites/cis.uchicago.edu/files/resources/110128-ukraine-holodomor-educators-curriculum.pdf Prepared by Myron B. Kuropas, Ph.D., and Dr. James Mace. Developed for the state of Illinois, which mandates study of “the Famine-Genocide in Ukraine”; updated at least through 2010.
The Unknown Genocide - Ukrainian Holodomor 1932 – 1933. http://www.faminegenocide.com/kuryliw/index.htm Prepared by Valentina Kuryliw, Canadian educator. Lesson plans, links, and bibliography; geared for grades 10-12. 2008. Revised edition forthcoming.
Genocide Never Again [Ukrainian Genocide]. Teacher and Student Workbook. http://ncua.inform-decisions.com/eng/files/UkrGenocide_Teacher_Student_Workbook.pdf Prepared by Vera Bej, Ihor Mirchuk, and Christine R. Shwed, 2007. Includes applicable “Pennsylvania standards & eligible content by worksheets.” Grade 7 +.
INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLODOMOR: SELECTED AUTHORITATIVE SHORT WORKS:
Famine-Genocide of 1932–33. http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/amine6Genocideof1932hD73.htm Authoritative overview of the Holodomor (Famine 1932-33), with links to related articles and an extensive scholarly bibliography, from the continuously updated Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, hosted by the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Alberta.
"Soviet Genocide in the Ukraine" by Raphael Lemkin. 1953. http://www.uccla.ca/SOVIET_GENOCIDE_IN_THE_UKRAINE.pdf original paper located by Holodomor scholar Roman Serbyn in the Raphael Lemkin Papers, housed at the New York Public Library.
International Commission of Inquiry into the 1932–33 Famine in Ukraine. Final Report. (excerpt). 1990. http://www.ioir.se/ukrfamine.htm Statement by Commission President Jacob W.F. Sundberg, pointing out the strong relevance of the study of Ukraine’s famine to the understanding of many of today’s genocides, with particular reference to the events in Yugoslavia.
WEBSITES and ONLINE RESOURCES (Selected)
Famine-Genocide in Ukraine 1932-1933. http://www.faminegenocide.com/ Arguably the best organized English language website for basic facts and online access to memoirs and testimonies, bibliographies of books and articles, and curriculum guides; however, updating since 2008 sporadic.
The Holodomor -Famine-Genocide in Ukraine 1932-1933. Additional Resource Materials, compiled by Valentina Kuryliw. http://www.ucc.ca/positions/holodomor/holodomor-resources/ Essentially updates the preceding, with annotations.
SURVIVOR ACCOUNTS (Selected)
Execution by Hunger: The Hidden Holocaust, by Miron Dolot. The author, a teen-ager during the time, presents a harrowing eyewitness account of the Holodomor as it was implemented and experienced in his village. W.W. Norton. 1985.
Holodomor Survivors Tell Their Stories. http://www.holodomorsurvivors.ca/Survivors4.html Canadian oral history project, presenting more than 50 personal accounts. The video segments are in Ukrainian with accompanying text in English.
FULL-LENGTH STUDIES and REPORTS (Selected)
U.S. Commission on the Ukraine Famine. Investigation of the Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933: Report to Congress. Washington: U.S. GPO. 1988. table of contents: http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy0804/88602457.html
Both interim reports and the final report have been reproduced and made available here: http://genocidecurriculum.org/category/curriculum-resources/general-archive/united-states-congressional-commission-on-the-ukrainian-famine/ (best navigated using Firefox as your browser.)
The Harvest of Sorrow; Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine, by Robert Conquest. Oxford University Press, 1986. (and later editions). First and most comprehensive English language scholarly analysis.
Bloodlands; Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, by Timothy Snyder. Basic Books. 2010. Groundbreaking scholarly work that describes the development and interplay of Europe’s 2 most murderous regimes of the 20th c that annihilated tens of millions of civilians in Eastern Europe by decree. Never simplistic; presents the full complexity of the era while appreciating the enormous tragedies suffered by all the victims. Includes a chapter on the Holodomor.
Stalin's genocides, by Norman M. Naimark. Princeton University Press. 2010. Straightforward and readable. Includes chapters on dekulakization and the Holodomor in a fresh challenge to the application of the UN definition of genocide.
Holodomor; Reflections on the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Soviet Ukraine, by Lubomyr Luciuk. The Kashtan Press, Ontario. 2008. A collection of scholarly essays and opinion pieces reflecting a range of contemporary perspectives on the topic.
HISTORICAL FICTION (Selected)
A Hunger Most Cruel: The Human Face of the 1932-1933 Terror-Famine in Soviet Ukraine; Short Stories by Anatoliy Dimarov,Yevhen Hutsalo, Olena Zvychayna. Language Lanterns Publications. 2002.
Everything Flows, by Vasily Grossman. New York Review of Books Classics. 2010. (latest translation by Robert Chandler). Critically acclaimed work reflecting on the realities of Soviet life from the perspective of a gulag survivor attempting to readjust to everyday urban existence. Originally published in Russian in 1964. A particularly harrowing chapter describes the Ukraine famine through the eyes of a former communist enforcer. Chandler writes: (p. viii) “This chapter about the least-known act of genocide of the last century is subtle, complex, and unbearably lucid. Only Dante…has written of death from hunger with equal power.”
Children of the Dnipro (drama for the theater) and Holodomor (short documentary), by Rhode Island playwright, director and theater educator David Eliet. Children of the Dnipro (as performed in 2008) an exceptionally effective presentation on the real life impact of the famine, handled with intelligence, grace and humanity. Author contact: https://sites.google.com/site/davideliet